炮打鱼

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          • 主页   电子元器件  逻辑器件

            十月 25 2019炮打鱼

            CPLD是什么?

            炮打鱼  CPLD (Complex Programmable Logic Device)ZHIYIDEHUACHENGWEIFUZAKEBIANCHENGLUOJIXINPIAN,SHICONGPALHEGALQIJIANFAZHANCHULAIDEQIJIAN,XIANGDUIERYANGUIMODA,JIEGOUFUZA,SHUYUDAGUIMOJICHENGDIANLUFANWEI。SHIHEKONGZHIMIJIXINGSHUZIXINGSHUZIXITONGSHEJI,QISHIYANKONGZHIFANGBIAN。CPLDSHIMUQIANJICHENGDIANLUZHONGFAZHANZUIKUAIDEQIJIANZHIYI。

              一、特点

            炮打鱼  CPLDJUYOUBIANCHENGLINGHUO、JICHENGDUGAO、SHEJIKAIFAZHOUQIDUAN、SHIYONGFANWEIKUAN、KAIFAGONGJUXIANJIN、SHEJIZHIZAOCHENGBENDI、DUISHEJIZHEDEYINGJIANJINGYANYAOQIUDI、BIAOZHUNCHANPINWUXUCESHI、BAOMIXINGQIANG、JIAGEDAZHONGHUADENGTEDIAN,KESHIXIANJIAODAGUIMODEDIANLUSHEJI,YINCIBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUCHANPINDEYUANXINGSHEJIHECHANPINSHENGCHAN(YIBANZAI10,000JIANYIXIA)ZHIZHONG。JIHUSUOYOUYINGYONGZHONGXIAOGUIMOTONGYONGSHUZIJICHENGDIANLUDECHANGHEJUNKEYINGYONGCPLDQIJIAN。CPLDQIJIANYICHENGWEIDIANZICHANPINBUKEQUESHAODEZUCHENGBUFEN,TADESHEJIHEYINGYONGCHENGWEIDIANZIGONGCHENGSHIBIBEIDEYIZHONGJINENG。

            CPLD

            CPLD

              二、组成

              FUZADEKEBIANCHENGLUOJIQIJIANCPLDGUIMODA,JIEGOUFUZA,SHUYUDAGUIMOJICHENGDIANLUFANWEI。

              CPLDYOUWUGEZHUYAOBUFEN:LUOJIZHENLIEKUAI、HONGDANYUAN、KUOZHANCHENGJIXIANG、KEBIANCHENGLIANXIANZHENLIEHEI/OKONGZHIKUAI。

              1.逻辑阵列块(LAB)

              YIGELUOJIZHENLIEKUAIYOU16GEHONGDANYUANDEZHENLIEZUCHENG,DUOGELABTONGGUOKEBIANCHENGZHENLIE(PIA)HEQUANJUZONGXIANLIANJIEZAIYIQI。QUANJUZONGXIANCONGSUOYOUDEZHUANYONGSHURU、I/OYINJIAOHEHONGDANYUANKUIRUXINHAO。DUIYUMEIGELABYOUXIALIESHURUXINHAO。

              LAIZIZUOWEITONGYONGLUOJISHURUDEPIADE36GEXINHAO

              QUANJUKONGZHIXINHAO,YONGYUJICUNQIFUZHUGONGNENG

            炮打鱼  CONGI/OYINJIAODAOJICUNQIDEZHIJIESHURUTONGDAO

              2.宏单元

            炮打鱼  MAX7000XILIEZHONGDEHONGDANYUANYOU3GEGONGNENGKUAIZUCHENG:LUOJIZHENLIE、CHENGJIXIANGXUANZEJUZHENHEKEBIANCHENGJICUNQI。GEBUFENKEYIBEIDUZIPEIZHIWEISHIXULUOJIHEZUHELUOJIGONGZUOFANGSHI。QIZHONGLUOJIZHENLIESHIXIANZUHELUOJI,KEYIWEIMEIGEHONGDANYUANTIGONG5GECHENGJIXIANG。CHENGJIXIANGXUANZEJUZHENFENPEIZHEIXIECHENGJIXIANGZUOWEIDAO“HUOMEN”HE“YIHUOMEN”DEZHUYAOLUOJISHURU,YISHIXIANZUHELUOJIHANSHU,HUOZHEBAZHEIXIECHENGJIXIANGZUOWEIHONGDANYUANZHONGJICUNQIDEFUZHUSHURU:RUQINGLING、ZHIWEI、SHIZHONGHESHIZHONGSHINENGKONGZHI。

              MEIGEHONGDANYUANZHONGDECHUFAQIKEYIDANDUDIBIANCHENGWEIJUYOUKEBIANCHENGSHIZHONGKONGZHIDED、T、JKHUORSCHUFAQIDEGONGZUOFANGSHI。CHUFAQIDESHIZHONG、QINGLINGSHURUKEYITONGGUOBIANCHENGXUANZESHIYONGZHUANYONGDEQUANJUQINGLINGHEQUANJUSHIZHONG,HUOSHIYONGNEIBULUOJI(CHENGJIXIANGLUOJIZHENLIE)CHANSHENGDESHIZHONGHEQINGLING。CHUFAQIYEZHICHIYIBUQINGLINGHEYIBUZHIWEIGONGNENG,CHENGJIXIANGXUANZEJUZHENFENPEICHENGJIXIANGLAIKONGZHIZHEIXIECAOZUO。RUGUOBUXUYAOCHUFAQI,YEKEYIJIANGCICHUFAQIPANGLU,XINHAOZHIJIESHUJIPIAHUOSHUCHUDAOI/OYINJIAO,YISHIXIANZUHELUOJIGONGZUOFANGSHI。

              3.扩展乘积项

              MEIGEHONGDANYUANDEYIGECHENGJIXIANGKEYIFANXIANGHUISONGDAOLUOJIZHENLIE。ZHEIGE“KEGONGXIANG”DECHENGJIXIANGNENGGOULIANDAOTONGYIGELABZHONGDERENHEQITACHENGJIXIANGSHANG。JINGUANDADUOSHULUOJIHANSHUNENGGOUYONGMEIGEHONGDANYUANZHONGDE5GECHENGJIXIANGSHIXIAN,DANZAIMOUXIEFUZADELUOJIHANSHUZHONGXUYAOFUJIACHENGJIXIANG。WEITIGONGSUOXUDELUOJIZIYUAN,KEYILIYONGLINGYIGEHONGDANYUAN,MAX70000JIEGOUYEYUNXULIYONGGONGXIANGHEBINGLIANKUOZHANCHENGJIXIANG,ZHEILIANGZHONGKUOZHANXIANGKEZUOWEIFUJIADECHENGJIXIANGZHIJIESONGDAOBENLABDERENYIHONGDANYUANZHONG。LIYONGKUOZHANXIANGKEBAOZHENGZAISHIXIANLUOJIZONGHESHI,YONGJINKENENGSHAODELUOJIZIYUANSHIXIANJINKENENGKUAIDEGONGZUOSUDU。

              4.可编程连线阵列PIA

              TONGGUOKEBIANCHENGLIANXIANZHENLIEKEJIANGGELABXIANGHULIANJIEGOUCHENGSUOXUDELUOJI。ZHEIGEQUANJUZONGXIANSHIKEBIANCHENGDETONGDAO,TANENGBAQIJIANZHONGRENHEXINHAOYUANLIANDAOQIMUDEDI。SUOYOUMAX7000XILIEQIJIANDEZHUANYONGSHURU、I/OYINJIAOHEHONGDANYUANSHUCHUJUNKUISONGDAOPIA,PIAKEBAZHEIXIEXINHAOSONGDAOZHENGGEQIJIANNEIDEGEGEDIFANG。ZHIYOUMEIGELABSUOXUDEXINHAOCAIZHENZHENGJITABUZHICONGPIADAOGAILABDELIANXIAN,RUTUSHIPIAXINHAOBUXIANDAOLABDEFANGSHI。

            PIA信号布线到LAB的方式

            PIAXINHAOBUXIANDAOLABDEFANGSHI

              5.I/O控制块

            炮打鱼  I/OKONGZHIKUAIYUNXUMEIGEI/OYINJIAODANDUDIPEIZHICHENGSHURU/SHUCHUHESHUANGXIANGGONGZUOFANGSHI。SUOYOUI/OYINJIAODOUYOUYIGESANTAIHUANCHONGQI,TANENGYOUQUANJUSHUCHUSHINENGXINHAOZHONGDEYIGEKONGZHI,HUOZHEBASHINENGDUANZHIJIELIANJIEDAODI(GND)HUODIANYUAN(VCC)SHANG。MAX7000XILIEQIJIANDEI/OKONGZHIKUANGTURUTUSUOSHI。MAX7000QIJIANYOU6GEQUANJUSHUCHUSHINENGXINHAO,TAMENKEYIYOUYIXIAXINHAOQUDONG:LIANGGESHUCHUSHINENGXINHAO、YIGEI/OYINJIAODEJIHE、YIGEI/OHONGDANYUANDEJIHE,HUOZHESHITA“FANXIANG”HOUDEXINHAO。

            I O控制框图

            I OKONGZHIKUANGTU

              DANGSANTAIHUANCHONGQIDEKONGZHIDUANJIEDI(GND)SHI,QISHUCHUWEIGAOZUTAI,ERQIEI/OYINJIAOKEZUOWEIZHUANYONGSHURUYINJIAO。DANGSANTAIHUANCHONGQIDEKONGZHIDUANJIEDIANYUAN(VCC)SHI,SHUCHUSHINENGYOUXIAO。

            炮打鱼  MAX7000JIEGOUTIGONGLESHUANGI/OFANKUI,QIEHONGDANYUANHEYINJIAODEFANKUISHIXIANGHUDULIDE。DANGI/OYINJIAOPEIZHICHENGSHURUSHI,YOUGUANDEHONGDANYUANKEYIYONGYUYINHANLUOJI。

              三、优势

            炮打鱼  1.YONGCPLDLAIKAIFASHUZIDIANLU,KEYIDADASUODUANSHEJISHIJIAN,JIANSHAOPCBMIANJI,TIGAOXITONGDEKEKAOXING。

              2.CPLDHAIKEYIZUOSHUZIICSHEJIDEQIANDUANYANZHENG,YONGZHEIZHONGFANGSHIKEYIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJIANGDIICSHEJIDECHENGBEN。

              3.CPLDNENGWANCHENGRENHESHUZIQIJIANDEGONGNENG,SHANGZHIGAOXINGNENGCPU,XIAZHIJIANDANDE74DIANLU,DOUKEYIYONGFPGA/CPLDLAISHIXIAN。

            炮打鱼  4.CPLDRUTONGYIZHANGBAIZHIHUOSHIYIDUIJIMU,GONGCHENGSHIKEYITONGGUOCHUANTONGDEYUANLITUSHURUFA,HUOSHIYINGJIANMIAOSHUYUYANZIYOUDESHEJIYIGESHUZIXITONG。TONGGUORUANJIANFANGZHEN,WOMENKEYISHIXIANYANZHENGSHEJIDEZHENGQUEXING。ZAIPCBWANCHENGYIHOU,HAIKEYILIYONGCPLDDEZAIXIANXIUGAINENGLI,SUISHIXIUGAISHEJIERBUBIGAIDONGYINGJIANDIANLU。

              四、使用方法

              CPLDSHIYIZHONGYONGHUGENJUGEZIXUYAOERZIXINGGOUZAOLUOJIGONGNENGDESHUZIJICHENGDIANLU。QIJIBENSHEJIFANGFASHIJIEZHUJICHENGKAIFARUANJIANPINGTAI,YONGYUANLITU、YINGJIANMIAOSHUYUYANDENGFANGFA,SHENGCHENGXIANGYINGDEMUBIAOWENJIAN,TONGGUOXIAZAIDIANLAN(“ZAIXITONG”BIANCHENG)JIANGDAIMACHUANSONGDAOMUBIAOXINPIANZHONG,SHIXIANSHEJIDESHUZIXITONG。ZHEILIYIQIANGDAQIWEILIJIANGYIXIATADESHEJI(ZHUANGXIU)GUOCHENG,JIXINPIANDESHEJILIUCHENG。

            炮打鱼  CPLDDEGONGZUODABUFENSHIZAIDIANNAOSHANGWANCHENGDE。DAKAIJICHENGKAIFARUANJIAN(AlteraGONGSI Max+pluxII)→HUAYUANLITU、XIEYINGJIANMIAOSHUYUYAN(VHDL,Verilog)→BIANYI→JICHULUOJIDIANLUDESHURUJILIXINHAO,JINXINGFANGZHEN,CHAKANLUOJISHUCHUJIEGUOSHIFOUZHENGQUE→JINXINGGUANJIAOSHURU、SHUCHUSUODING(7128DE64GESHURU、SHUCHUGUANJIAOKEGENJUXUYAOSHEDING)→SHENGCHENGDAIMA→TONGGUOXIAZAIDIANLANJIANGDAIMACHUANSONGBINGCUNCHUZAICPLDXINPIANZHONG。7128ZHEIKUAIXINPIANGEGUANJIAOYIYINCHU,JIANGSHUMAGUAN、QIANGDAKAIGUAN、ZHISHIDENG、FENGMINGQITONGGUODAOXIANFENBIEJIEDAOXINPIANBANSHANG,TONGDIANCESHI,DANGQIANGDAKAIGUANANXIA,DUIYINGWEIDEZHISHIDENGYINGDANGLIANG,DADUIYIHOU,CAIPANJIJIAFENHOU,KANCISHISHUMAXIANSHIJIAFENJIEGUOSHIFOUZHENGQUE,RUFAXIANYOUWENTI,KEZHONGXINXIUGAIYUANLITUHUOYINGJIANMIAOSHUYUYAN,WANSHANSHEJI。SHEJIHAOHOU,RUPILIANGSHENGCHAN,KEZHIJIEFUZHIQITACPLDXINPIAN,JIXIERUDAIMAJIKE。RUGUOYAODUIXINPIANJINXINGQITASHEJI,BIRUJINXINGJIAOTONGDENGSHEJI,YAOZHONGXINHUAYUANLITU、HUOXIEYINGJIANMIAOSHUYUYAN,ZHONGFUYISHANGGONGZUOGUOCHENG,WANCHENGSHEJI。ZHEIZHONGXIUGAISHEJIXIANGDANGYUJIANGFANGWUJINXINGLEZHONGXINZHUANGXIU,ZHEIZHONGZHUANGXIUDUICPLDLAISHUOKEJINXINGSHANGWANCI。

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